Would You Drink This?

Deadly drinking water!
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By Tia


Causes of drinking water pollution are and could be underground storage leakages, for ex: if there was a leak in one of the pipes in a water company. Read more at   https://www.epa.gov/ust/leaking-underground-storage-tanks-corrective-action-resources. And lastly, if you use a well then if your sewage pipes leak then your sewage water could leak and soak up into your water, and also if you you use fertilizer then the chemicals from the fertilizer could soak up and get into your well water read more at https://agwt.org/content/lawns-safe-wells .


Drinking water can be polluted in these ways. Groundwater pollution caused by pesticide contamination from soil, ex: if you have a well the soil contamination could get in your water. Also if you live in somewhere where you don’t have tap water then there could possibly be microorganisms in your water, also there could be Anaemia Arsenicosis Ascariasis, Botulism, Campylobacteriosis, Cholera, Cryptosporidiosis, etc. read more at… http://www.lenntech.com/library/diseases/diseases/waterborne-diseases.htm.  

And lastly nutrients that help plants grow and that can possibly be in fertilizers can occur in your drinking water. And also the  eutrophication, excessive richness of nutrients in a lake or other body of water, frequently due to runoff from the land, which causes a dense growth of plant life and death of animal life from lack of oxygen.


The point source of pollution is, for ex: a leaking pipe. A point source has to be something you can point at and say “ that is the source of that pollution”.


A non-point source is when there is so many sources of pollution you don’t know where the source is or there is too many places it is coming from.


We could stop this pollution by rethinking about the pipes we use. If there are leaks then lets buy new ones not just put some glue on it! Most people use plastic pipes and some use metal. We need more protective pipes, and cleaner pipes, what if we put filters in the pipes? And what if we used more metal pipes? This problem could potentially  kill a humongous amount of people if we don’t fix it. Millions have already died in Africa of guinea worm because they don’t have filters luckily the carter center has worked on it, and they have filters now.

So what do you say, do you want the change?
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Is This Our Ocean, or Pollution?

My faveorite beach lets go!.jpg
by Tia
 
 
Microorganisms that live in water feed on biodegradable substances. When too much biodegradable material is added to water, the number of microorganisms increase and use up the available oxygen. This is called oxygen depletion.
 
When oxygen levels in the water are depleted, relatively harmless aerobic microorganisms die and anaerobic microorganisms begin to thrive. Some anaerobic microorganisms are harmful to people, animals and the environment, as they produce harmful toxins such as ammonia and sulfides. Text from: http://www.water-pollution.org.uk/oxygendepleting.html
 
The ocean can be polluted in these ways. Such as, suspended matter, which is when some pollutants do not dissolve and then get stuck and then animals lose their habitats and possible even kill animals.
 
The point source of pollution is, for ex: an oil spill. A point source has to be something you can point at and say “ that is the source of that pollution”.
 
A non-point source is when there is so many sources of pollution you don’t know where the source is or there is too many places it is coming from.
 
Some consequences of ocean pollution are giant piles of floating garbage. Animals dying, animals losing their habitat and possibly even acid rain.
 
Do you think we should rethink this? I do, this is horrible we are polluting our ocean that is a privilege to have, if we take advantage of having it soon we won’t and, it will be covered in garbage, covered in dead animals, it won’t be as pretty and beautiful as it was. Just stop and think, what are we doing to this world? The earth is dying, slowly but our kids kids will not see the same thing we see if we keep acting like this! This is just plain up terrifying if you think about it.
 
Have you thought about it yet? What do you say? Do you! You want to change the world, then do something! Help the world to be a better place for us and you and your children’s children and everyone.
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Ocean Garbage

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by Robyn

There are three garbage patches located in the water near California one near Kuroshio and the largest is near the north pacific. Animals eat the garbage because they think it is food and most end up dying. some animals get stuck in fishing nets, plastic soda rings etc.


Consequences
Ways to help stop this is to buy the biodegradable fishing nets so if you lose it you don’t contribute to the garbage patch and the animal killing. Did you know every year 28-billion pounds of plastic ends up in our ocean? Fish, seals, and dolphins every year dying to try to eat or get out of the plastic and fishing nets that have been dumped in the ocean every year 1 ton of plastic goes into the ocean and every year 3 tons of fish die.


Help stop this
Good news there are people working together to stop the garbage patch from growing any more than it already has. They are also trying to get the garbage patches smaller and they are saving lots of animals from dying in the oceans. But that’s not all you can help too by cutting the plastic soda ring so they don’t get stuck around animals. That is only one way to help but there is more that you can do you can recycle your plastic bottles and you could start a compost pile. Here are some things that can be put in compost piles – banana and orange peels, egg shells.

 

Image result for garbage patch
This is SO cute, right?  NOT!!!!!!!

Sources:
“Newsletter – The Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch.” Dive the World, 2016. Web. 29 Mar. 2017. <http://www.dive-the-world.com/newsletter-201510-ocean-plastic.php>.

 

“Great Pacific Garbage Patch.” National Geographic Society. National Geographic Society, 09 Oct. 2012. Web. 29 Mar. 2017. http://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/great-pacific-garbage-patch/>.

1plasticmum. “The Great HK Garbage Patch.” Journeytotheplasticocean, 06 Sept. 2012. Web. 29 Mar. 2017. https://journeytotheplasticocean.wordpress.com/2012/09/03/the-great-hk-garbage-patch/>.

The Ocean Cleanup, Www.theoceancleanup.com The Ocean. “Www.theoceancleanup.com.” The Ocean Cleanup, 2017. Web. 29 Mar. 2017. <https://www.theoceancleanup.com/>.

Look at All the Pretty Fishes


Image result for water pollution
 
There are actually multiple causes of water pollution, (yes there are more than one) that affect surface water, such as sewage and waste water, marine dumping, industrial waste, oil pollution, and global warming. I know that there is more than that but those are the five that I will mention in my PSA because I don’t have enough patients to write about them all.

 

The type of water pollution that would affect the type of water I’m writing about would be surface pollution because I’m talking about river/creeks and oceans which are on the surface of the earth.

 

One point source of water pollution would have to be sewage plants (they treat raw sewage) when they spill. Like how not too terribly long ago a sewage plant accidentally overflowed polluting a TON of the peninsula and made it so people couldn’t swim or wade in beaches or else the could get sick or under extreme circumstances possibly die, I mean SERIOUSLY PEOPLE! I get it that we had a flood but when you’re handling dangerous stuff like that you should be prepared for anything!

 

From what I have learned one non-point source of pollution would be rain runoff from homes and other places because of the oil from cars with leaks or from accidentally (or on purpose) spilling oil when refilling their oil gauge, which is then transported by the rain water to the ocean or river or anything really!

 

Our actions actually make a difference in case you didn’t know. Like how us spilling oil into the ocean is polluting everything and killing all sorts of animals, sea life, and even coral reefs because the animals drink and even LIVE in the polluted water. The oil also degrades coral reefs, destroying animals homes and not letting them have hiding spots from predators that will then find, kill, and possibly make certain species go extinct causing EVEN MORE problems for us and the environment. To also add to the list of problems most industrial water filters use either oil or natural gas (natural gas is better but still not good) to power themselves warming up the planet essentially destroying the earth on spill at a time.

 

So, now you may be wondering, “Well what can I do? This is just way too much to handle!” Well it may be too much for one person to handle but just by doing a couple things you can help save the earth (and telling your friends is amazing.) So if you want to help the earth just do these simple things:
1)  don’t use your car for every last thing. I mean, you have legs for a reason, ok? Because using your car releases co2 into the air and that’s what’s warming our planet.


2) recycle. If you don’t have a recycling bin use an empty box, my mom and I do! Recycling will help reduce water pollution and not make the great Pacific garbage patch bigger.


3) don’t use planes as much. If you can, use your car because planes release a TON of co2 which is way worse than using a car.


Also the reason why releasing co2 is bad is because our ocean is absorbing all the heat, causing ocean acidification causing algae blooms that release a harmful, sometimes fatal toxin, and creating dead zones in the ocean so fish can’t go there.


And those are really the big things that you can do to help our planet.


Links:(dun dun DUN)


Industrial water filters;
“Power Generation.” Industrial Water Treatment Systems. Aimad Water Systems, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2017. <http://www.industrial-purification.co.uk/power-generation.html>.


Water pollution types;
“The Causes of Water Pollution « Water Pollution Guide.” The Causes of Water Pollution « Water Pollution Guide. Water Pollution Guide, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2017. <http://www.water-pollution.org.uk/causes.html>.


Water pollution causes;
“Types of Water Pollution « Water Pollution Guide.” Types of Water Pollution « Water Pollution Guide. Water Pollution Guide, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2017. <http://www.water-pollution.org.uk/types.html>.

 

What is a point source;
“Indiana Department of Environmental Management.” IDEM OWQ: What Is Point Source Pollution? Jin.gov, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2017. <http://in.gov/idem/cleanwater/2499.htm>.


What is a non-point source;
“What Is Nonpoint Source?” EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, 28 Nov. 2016. Web. 29 Mar. 2017. <https://www.epa.gov/nps/what-nonpoint-source>.


Other stuff;
Chimacum Middle School, Sixth Grade Science Classroom, Room 410


CHIHUAHUA!!!

Deadly Oceans

MariaJozalynConnorPSA

By: Maria, Connor, and Jozalyn

Most people don’t know how much pollution is in the ocean. Did you know that there are 315 billion pounds of plastic in the oceans?! I don’t know about you, but I think that that is A LOT of plastic!

How Pollution Happens

There are many different sources of ocean pollution, ranging from oil spills to rubber duck spills. There is a type of pollution called Ocean Acidification, where the carbon dioxide (CO2) in the air merges with the water to make the water more acidic. Eighty percent of ocean pollution comes from activities on land from nonpoint sources. There are a ton of small sources that count as nonpoint sources, such as boats, and cars. But also there are also big sources like farms and animal ranches. Millions of cars drop a tiny bit of oil each day on the roads, which eventually ends up in the sea. Dirt can also be a pollutant too, when topsoil runs off of construction sites is can end up in the water and hurt the wildlife and fisheries. There is a thing called Point Source pollution which is pollution that comes from one source. Oil and Chemical spills are some point source pollutions. Oil spills into the ocean are often accidents involving barges, tankers, refineries, and drilling rigs. There are other ways oils spill can happen that aren’t accidents, like natural disasters such as hurricanes, and spills on purpose as acts of war. One silly yet depressing fact is that 28,800 rubber ducks were spilled into the seas while being transported overseas, and are now floating around in the ocean like it’s a big bathtub. As you can see, there are many ways pollution can happen but all are all preventable.

Consequences

If the amount of pollution in the oceans continues to grow, then all of the animals in the ocean could die! (Bum bum baaaaaaa) The plastic breaks down into tiny microscopic pieces that fish and other water creatures eat a ton of. Then, if we eat those water animals, and we will have plastic in us! We have talked about Acidification in “How It Happens”, but what does it do? The more Acidification there is in the ocean it is, the harder it is for shellfish, reefs, and fish to survive. The shellfish won’t be able to form their shells because the shellfish are not able to get rid of the calcium ions. Acidification also affects fish because the water has a lower pH. This makes it so the fishes cells take in the carbonic acid to become in balance with the saltwater witch changes the pH of the fish’s blood. This can cause comas, seizures, and even death. Oil spills are really bad for the ocean animals because it makes it so that the birds and the sea animals with fir will get hypothermia and most likely die. But what if your a fish? You don’t have fur that keeps you warm. What happens is that the little fish take the oil in and then the bigger fish eat the little  fish and so on till we eat those fish with the oil. If you consume oil you could lose sight, pain in your throat, nose, eyes, ears, lips and tongue and other things like that. There is approximately 706 million gallons of oil in the ocean. When, or if, the oil may reach the shore, it will interact with some of the sediments such as the beach sand and other objects like that. This will cause erosion.

How we Can Help

How can we help reduce water pollution? We can use reusable metal water bottles instead of using the disposable plastic bottles. We can compost your food waste. We can reduce the use of oil one way by driving electric cars more. We can also recycle cans and plastic containers and not put them in the trash. We can rethink our choices of buying food from foreign places or plastic bags because the plastic can get into the oceans and also it takes a lot of oil to get the foreign food here. We could plant trees on land so that the trees could take in some of the carbon dioxide and the ocean won’t have as much CO2 that causes Acidification. Instead of using ziplock bags for lunches we can use glass tupperwares, and also so that if you are on the beach you won’t have to worry about the plastic bags flying into the ocean and strangling sea creatures. We can refuse boats that use oil.  Those consequences are true so that why we need to help! Some people think that global warming does not affect them, but they are wrong. Global warming affects everyone and just doing one little thing can make a big difference in our world.


Sources

Public Service Announcement

NeedaSpare

I  am doing Chimacum creek because I feel like people need to know the water they are polluting. When they throw their trash by the bank in the water. What I see in Chimacum creek is some trash but it is pretty healthy. We see bugs that are sensitive to water pollution so that’s one sign that Chimacum creek is healthy.

Watershed is water going to the lowest points of the place. What makes that happen gravity. Gravity pulls the water down to the lows point to form a creeks, rivers and lakes. Little parts of a creek that flows into the creek make up of sum of that water. It all come from the mountains.

Everything we use like sinks, laundry and the stuff we put into our dumps the all run of and fall into our creeks, rivers and lakes to pollute them.

Surface runoff  is water from rain, snowmelt, or other sources, that flows over the land surface. runoff that occurs on surface, before reaching a channel is also called overland flow. A land area which produces runoff draining to a common point is called a watershed.

The main problem caused by water pollution is that it kills life that depends on these waterbodies. Dead fish, crabs, birds and seagulls, dolphins, and many other animals often wind up on beaches, killed by pollutants in their habitat living environment. Pollution disrupts the natural food chain as well.

Here are the things we need to have a better world and water like are drinking water and rivers, lakes, creeks and oceans we need to do these things Reduce, Replace, Reuse, Recycle, Recover, Refuse and Reject, Rethink  the R’s and we will have a better world.

Rs

Reduce

Reducing the amount of waste you produce is the best way to help the environment.

Replace

To substitute a thing that is broken or inefficient or lost or no longer working for another. To put in the place of another and switch seemingly equivalent items that can be interchanged.

Reuse

Use things that you can reuse like instead of paper towels use a cloth towels or plastic bottles use a metal bottle.

Recycle

Many of the things we use every day, like paper bags, soda cans, and milk cartons, are made out of materials that can be recycled.

Refuse and Reject

Refuse disposable plastics Disposable plastics are the greatest source of plastic. Reject the things that you don’t really need

Rethink

It is up to us to really start thinking about what we buy, why we buy it and how we dispose it.

Recover

After collection, the residual waste is disposed of either through landfill or incineration, the recyclables are remanufactured and or energy is recovered if energy is recovered from waste it is classed as recovery rather than disposal.

Sources:

“Water Pollution.” Water Pollution Guide. The Guides Network, 2003-2017. Web. 30 Mar. 2017. <http://www.water-pollution.org.uk/>.

Abella, Tatiana Antonelli. Follow the Rs: Reduce, Replace, Reuse, Recycle, Recover, Refuse and Reject, Rethink (n.d.): n. pag. EnviroCities EMagazine. Web. 30 Mar. 2017. <http://en.envirocitiesmag.com/articles/pdf/waste_management_eng_art2.pdf>.

Deadly Lake

WhatsWrong
There has been an anatoxin problem at Anderson Lake. It was discovered in 2006 when two dogs died after drinking the lake water. They suffered seizures and died before their owners could get them to the nearest vet. However, there was a third dog that drank the lake water and didn’t die. The dog shared the same symptoms as the others, but managed to get to the vet after having fallen into a coma. The dog made a full recovery and was okay, but how did this deadly antitoxin-a get into Anderson Lake?
AndersonLakeWA
The anatoxin-a is produced by Cyanobacteria or Blue green algae when they die. The reason they have made the lake so toxic could be because of nutrient pollution. This pollution is caused by fertilizers that make their way into water and cause algae to over populate. Some of these algae can produce toxins such as the ones in Anderson lake, but others cause oxygen depletion by over populating and using too much of the dissolved oxygen which can make fish and other inhabitants die.

This type of water pollution, sadly, doesn’t have any easy fix’s it could have been easily avoided had people in the area not used fertilizer there wouldn’t be a problem. There are many alternate fertilizers that don’t contain these nutrients such as Compost tea, organic fertilizer, or even just the old fashioned way! This Completely keeps the problems from happening. Though if you find this hard remember the seven R’s!
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Replace, Refuse & reject, Recover, and Rethink. For this type of pollution though, I most recommend Refuse and reject. By refusing and rejecting fertilizers you can stop this type of pollution.

Sources

“How to Make Compost Tea.” How to Make Compost Tea. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2016. <https://youtu.be/JP5Aqsd_g3s>

 

Follow the Rs: Reduce, Replace, Reuse, Recycle, Recover, Refuse and Reject, Rethink (n.d.): n. pag. Web. 3 May 2016. <http://en.envirocitiesmag.com/articles/pdf/waste_management_eng_art2.pdf>

 

“Anderson Lake Closed after Two Dogs Die.” Port Townsend Jefferson County Leader. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2016. <http://www.ptleader.com/news/anderson-lake-closed-after-two-dogs-die/article_f29e9b6c-331e-519c-88fa-71cefb14b26f.html>.

by Caitlyn